Carpets can become flooded for many reasons; heavy rains, hurricanes or sewer backups. The majority of wet carpets, however, come from a broken pipe or busted hose to the dishwasher. Carpets damaged by clean water are difficult to restore, but contamination by mud, silt, sewage, and mildew can compound the problem. Even clean water can bring its own set of problems.
The boggest concern with wet carpets is one of health. A wet or damp carpet is bound to contain mold and other respiratory contaminants. This may cause breathing difficulties for anyone in the building, especially young children. Also a carpet that remains wet for a period of time can start to deteriorate quicker.
Other problems for carpet associated with flood damage include: distortion, growth of mold and mildew, rotting and breakup of the carpet backing, and staining.
Large damage restorations are generally better left to the professional, however, simple clean-water restoration can be tackled by homeowners if the proper steps are taken.
Water removal equipment, such as wet/dry vacuums, carpet extractors, sump pumps, and flood pumps may be needed to remove water from flooded areas. Once the water is removed, the carpet must be dried using air blowers and dehumidifiers. Finally the carpet must be cleaned using a carpet cleaner such as a hot water extraction machine. Various chemicals such as spot and stain removers, deoderizers, defoamers, and shampoos should be used.
How to use it
Before water can be removed. all furniture must be lifted onto aluminum foil, small pieces of plastic or styrofoam, or removed from the room to prevent permanent staining.
Next remove as much water as possible to stop the water from further migrating throughout the structure.
Apply a biocide to stop the growth of mold and mildew. An EPA-approved solution not only cleans the carpet also sanitizes it, killing microorganisms that cause mold and mildew.
Drying Once the water is removed, the carpet will need to be dried. you can either dry the carpet and pad in place or remove the pad and dry by floating the carpet. the best suggestion is to remove all the pad in the affected area.
This is done by disengaging the carpet with the assistance of a knee kicker and carpet awl. Disengage the carpet around the perimeter and roll the carpet back and remove the pad.
Once the pad is removed extract any standing water that might be left. Apply a biocide to the subfloor and the backing of the carpet. Place an air dryer below the carpet in one corner and staple the carpet aroung the unit to keep the carpet from flopping. At the opposite end of the room leave a small portion of the carpet unattached so excess air can escape. Don’t forget to attach the carpet around the perimeter of the room.
At this point, the air mover os causing evaporation releasing moisture into the air, A dehumidifier is needed to remove the moisture from the air. Using this procedure the carpet and subfloor will be dry in 24 hours.
Once the carpet is dry, reinstall new padding and the carpet, and then clean thoroughly. Most carpet cleaners have the instructions on the side of the machine. Just follow the directions.